Resources

2010 | Cristina LEMORINI | An Integration of the Use-Wear and Residue Analysis for the Identification of the Function of Archaeological Stone Tools: Proceedings of the … 5th-7th, 2012

Paperback: 123 pages
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports (July 11, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1407312880
Product Dimensions: 8.3 x 0.3 x 11.7 inches

The book publishes the proceedings of the workshop held in Rome in March 2012 that was intended to bring together archaeologists, scientists and students involved in the study of use-wear traces on prehistoric stone tools and/or in the identification of micro residues that might be present in them in order to hypothesize their function. Use-wear analysis carried out with microscopic analysis at low or high magnification is, at present, a settled procedure. The individuation and identification of residues is attempted using morphological and chemical techniques, these latter divided between invasive and non-invasive. Each employed technique has its own advantages and limitations. Both traces and residues analysis require a comparison to useful replicas. Even with regard to the making of replicas, no shared protocol exists. The workshop underlined the necessity to outline the basis for developing a common protocol concerning both analysis procedures and replicas realization. The adoption of consistent methods will make it possible for data obtained by multiple researchers to become interchangeable.

2010 | Veerle ROTS | Prehension and Hafting Traces on Flint Tools: A Methodology

Hardcover: 304 pages
Publisher: Leuven University Press; Har/Cdr edition (25 Jun. 2010)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 9058678016
ISBN-13: 978-9058678010
Product Dimensions: 21.6 x 2.5 x 30.5 cm

This volume introduces a methodology, based on a systematic, in-depth study of prehension and hafting traces on experimental stone artefacts, which allows their recognition in archaeological assemblages.

2010 | Annelou VAN GIJN | Flint in Focus: The Meaning of Flint in the Neolithic and Bronze Age

Paperback: 311 pages
Publisher: Sidestone Press; 01 edition (11 Nov. 2009)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 9088900337
ISBN-13: 978-9088900334
Product Dimensions: 21 x 2.5 x 27.9 cm

The biographies of flint objects reveal their various and changing roles in prehistoric life. Using raw material sourcing, technological analysis, experimental archaeology, microwear and residue studies the author tells the story of flint from the Early Neolithic to its virtual demise in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, incorporating data from settlements, burials and hoards from the region of the present-day Netherlands. This richly illustrated book shows the way flint functioned in daily life, how simple domestic tools became ritualized, how flint was used to negotiate change and how the biography of flint objects was related to personhood.

2006 | George ODELL | Lithic Analysis

Paperback: 284 pages
Publisher: Springer; 1st ed. 2004. Corr. 3rd printing 2006 edition (1 Jun. 2006)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0306480689
ISBN-13: 978-0306480683
Product Dimensions: 15.2 x 1.6 x 22.9 cm

This practical volume does not intend to replace a mentor, but acts as a readily accessible guide to the basic tools of lithic analysis. The book was awarded the 2005 SAA Award for Excellence in Archaeological Analysis. Some focuses of the manual include: history of stone tool research; procurement, manufacture and function; assemblage variability. It is an incomparable source for academic archaeologists, cultural resource and heritage management archaeologists, government heritage agencies, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students of archaeology focused on the prehistoric period.

1998 | Monique VAN DEN DRIES | Archaeology and the Application of Artificial Intelligence

Paperback: 207 pages
Publisher: Faculty of Archaeology, University of Leiden; 1 edition (1 Dec. 1998)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 9076368015
ISBN-13: 978-9076368016
Product Dimensions: 20.3 x 1.3 x 25.4 cm

The author aims in this thesis to experience and subsequently demonstrate the potentialities of artificial intelligence approaches, in particular based systems, for archaeology. She concentrates on one knowledge domain, use-wear analysis on flint artefacts with the aim to develop a truly operational application. The results of her research show that they offer a means to formalize and model subjective expert knowledge and can be employed for both research and educational purposes.

1994 | Helle JUEL JENSEN | Flint Tools Plant Working: Hidden Traces of Stone Age Technology

Publisher: Gazelle (19 May 1994)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 8772884541
ISBN-13: 978-8772884547
Product Dimensions: 18.4 x 1.9 x 26 cm

The amount of information that can be derived from stone tools has increased dramatically during this century. One of the latest approaches to the topic is functional analysis of flint tool edges using high-power microscopy, a method developed by L. Keeley in the late 1970s. This work is based on this method, and concerns tool functions in the Danish late-Mesolithic Ertebolle culture, as well as in the Neolithic Funnel Breaker (TRB) culture. The investigations focus on evidence of prehistoric plant working, and on “gloss”, a lacquer-like sheen or use-wear, well-known to most archaeologists.

1992 | Linda HURCOMBE | Use Wear Analysis and Obsidian: Theory, Experiments and Results

Hardcover: 226 pages
Publisher: Sheffield Academic Press (1 Oct. 1992)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0906090423
ISBN-13: 978-0906090428
Product Dimensions: 2.5 x 2.5 x 2.5 cm

This volume investigates a technique for the functional analysis of obsidian tools. It reviews the current state of flint use-wear studies and applies the theories generated there to obsidian. The experimental programme shows the potential success of the technique, which can allow the use-action and use-material to be interpreted, and demonstrates the limitations. Residues play an important role as they are more easily seen on obsidian than flint. The discussion includes an assessment of wear formation theories and the role of functional information within archaeology. The technique and approach is brought to bear on a small archaeological case study: the lunates from the Bronze Age Sardinian site of Ortu Comidu.

1980 | Lawrence KEELEY | Experimental Determination of Stone Tool Uses: A Microwear Analysis.

Paperback: 266 pages
Publisher: University Of Chicago Press (15 Mar. 1980)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0226428893
ISBN-13: 978-0226428895
Product Dimensions: 17.1 x 1.7 x 24.1 cm

A major problem confronting archeologists is how to determine the function of ancient stone tools. In this important work, Lawrence H. Keeley reports on his own highly successful course of research into the uses of British Paleolithic flint implements. His principal method of investigation, known as “microwear analysis” was the microscopic examination of traces of use left on flint implements in the form of polishes, striations, and breakage patterns. The most important discovery arising from Keeley’s research was that, at magnifications of 100x to 400x, there was a high correlation between the detailed appearance of microwear polishes formed on tool edges and the general category of material worked by that edge. For example, different and distinctive types of microwear polish were formed during use on wood, bone, hide, meat, and soft plant material. These correlations between microwear polish and worked material were independent of the method of use (cutting, sawing, scraping, and so on). In combining evidence of polish type with other traces of use, Keeley was able to make precise reconstructions of tool functions. This book includes the results of a “blind test” of Keeley’s functional interpretations which revealed remarkable agreement between the actual and inferred use of the tools tested. Keeley applied his method of microwear analysis to artifacts from three excavation sites in Britain Clacton-on-the-sea, Swanscombe, and Hoxne. His research suggests new hypotheses concerning such Paleolithic problems as inter-assemblage variability, the function of Acheulean hand axes, sidescrapers, and chopper-cores and points the way to future research in Stone Age studies.

1979 | Brian HAYDEN, Ed. | Lithic Use-Wear Analysis

Hardcover: 431 pages
Publisher: Academic Press Inc (3 Sept. 1979)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0123339502
ISBN-13: 978-0123339508
Product Dimensions: 19 x 2.5 x 23.5 cm

Free eBook

2011 | Nina Kononenko | Experimental and archaeological studies of use-wear and residues on obsidian artefacts from Papua New Guinea

Weblinks

The McCrone Atlas of Microscopic Particles is an online reference for analytical microscopists needing to identify an unknown, or who simply want to learn more about a particular substance
http://www.mccroneatlas.com

MicrolabNW

A pictorial guide to understanding how the microscope is used to solve problems as well as a gallery of thousands of photographs just to be enjoyed. These images are provided free of charge for everyone to enjoy, learn from, and share with others.
http://www.microlabgallery.com/photogalleryname.aspx